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??? It all started 4 years ago. My wife would see a _________ man near where she worked. It was the week before _________ and she said she wanted to buy him a new _________. His was _________ and very old. We don’t have a lot of _________; really we are a step away from being homeless ourselves but we try to _________ when we can.

We bought him a coat. I thought since we are giving him a coat, let’s look at what else he might _________. We brainstormed and decided to fill a _________ with useful things, a toothbrush, soap, wash clothes, some food, and a Christmas card.

A few days later, a _________ came in the mail. It was completely __________. A company I worked for was sued (起訴) and they had to __________ us for travel time, etc. It was not much, a few hundred dollars, but didn’t it come at the __________ time?

I had been reading kind stories and was moved by the __________ of strangers. We thought, let’s prepare backpacks and give them out on Christmas Eve to people who would otherwise have nothing to __________.

We __________ what that’s like. We haven’t had money to exchange __________ for Christmas in many years too. It feels __________ to have someone thinking of you at Christmas and truth be told, I’ve always been a little __________ when friends ask “What did you get for Christmas?” It always makes my wife feel bad that she can't __________ to give me anything and I feel the same. But that year we could __________ say what we gave to others and that’s exactly what happened.

1.A.hungry B.homeless C.desperate D.sad

2.A.Christmas B.New Year C.Halloween D.Thanksgiving Day

3.A.suit B.jacket C.sweater D.coat

4.A.lost B.stolen C.torn D.wet

5.A.choices B.money C.power D.suggestions

6.A.help B.improve C.plan D.reply

7.A.request B.take C.like D.need

8.A.box B.basket C.backpack D.bag

9.A.check B.letter C.magazine D.newspaper

10.A.secret B.satisfying C.unexpected D.puzzling

11.A.prepare B.pay C.beg D.ask

12.A.perfect B.wrong C.real D.present

13.A.loneliness B.selfishness C.admiration D.generosity

14.A.pray B.open C.eat D.celebrate

15.A.know B.predict C.imagine D.study

16.A.goods B.ideas C.gifts D.experiences

17.A.peaceful B.wonderful C.thrilling D.humorous

18.A.cautious B.excited C.disappointed D.embarrassed

19.A.seek B.attempt C.afford D.promise

20.A.naturally B.normally C.eagerly D.proudly

 

??? If you’ve been paying attention, you know that crows (烏鴉) are remarkably intelligent birds. 1.: six crows have been trained to pick up rubbish in the Puy du Fou historical theme park in western France. 2., it dispenses (分發) a treat to reward the crows for their efforts.

The idea came from one of the park’s falconers (放鷹員), Christophe Gaborit. As part of the falconry show, crows had already been trained to pick up roses and bring them to a princess. So in the 2000s, Gaborit raised and trained two crows to do the same with rubbish. 3., in which a dispenser gives a food reward when a crow correctly performs a task.

Earlier this year, we saw research in which a type of “vending machine” was used to teach crows how to tear paper into a specific shape. And 10 years ago, “hacker” Josh Klein built a similar vending machine to reward crows for getting back lost money. 4..

The crows were used for the first time over the weekend, and they'll be working four days a week under close watch —not for the birds, but to make sure the humans don’t deliberately drop rubbish to watch the birds clean it up.

That's because the aim of the crow garbage collectors isn't merely to collect garbage—it's also to get park-goers to think before they litter. 5..

A.So we know the concept works

B.But bird lovers have different views

C.Now these feathered talents have been given a job

D.The crows are trained to identify small pieces of rubbish

E.Whenever they put a small piece of rubbish in a special container

F.It’s a funny way to show the people that you cannot throw the papers everywhere

G.The training system is similar to experimental setups for testing crows’ intelligence

 

??? Wearing a hearing aid can slow the progress of dementia (癡呆) by up to 75 percent, according to a new study. Scientists believe that keeping older people active by adopting the devices can significantly reduce age-related cognitive (認知的) decline.

They followed the progress of 2,040 people between 1996 and 2014, asking them to complete word memory tests at various stages and monitoring the rate of decline before and after getting a hearing aid. The research team found that while the aids did not halt cognitive decline, they slowed it down by three-quarters. Meanwhile, in a separate group of 2,068 who underwent cataract surgery (白內障手術), decline slowed by around half.

The team at the University of Manchester said the strength of the connection between hearing aids, cataract surgery and mental decline meant policy makers should consider hearing and sight loss screening for all older adults. Dr. Piers Dawes said, “These studies underline just how important it is to overcome the barriers which stop people from accessing hearing and visual aids. It’s not really certain why hearing and visual problems have an effect on cognitive decline, but I’d guess that separation, shame and the resultant lack of physical activity that are linked to hearing and vision problems might have something to do with it.” “And there are barriers to overcome —people might not want to wear hearing aids because of embarrassment attached to wearing them, or they feel the amplification (放大) is not good enough or they’re not comfortable.”

The number of people in Britain suffering hearing problems will rise by 40 percent by 2035, a charity has forecast. The charity Action on Hearing Loss believes the number of people suffering such difficulties will rise from one in six to one in five, so it calls for more investment in treatment and research into hearing loss.

1.How does wearing hearing aids benefit old people?

A.It improves their cognitive ability.

B.It slows down their cognitive decline.

C.It enables them to make more friends.

D.It helps them overcome life barriers easily.

2.What does Paragraph 2 mainly talk about?

A.The result of the research.

B.The principle of the research.

C.The importance of the research.

D.The participants of the research.

3.What does the underlined word “halt” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?

A.Increase. B.Stop.

C.Change. D.Help.

4.What do researchers suggest policy makers do?

A.Provide hearing aids for people freely.

B.Spend more on research into hearing loss.

C.Screen all old people for hearing and sight loss.

D.Encourage factories to produce good hearing aids.

 

??? As Americans live longer and the job market stays competitive, fast-food chains are increasingly hiring from senior centers, churches and aging advocacy groups like AARP, Bloomberg reports. And it’s not just death rate and economic trends driving the change. Seniors have more polished social skills, but teens are stopped from growing up online with fewer real-world connections.

“I spend a lot of time with young kids. They can be very disrespectful,” 63-year-old Church’s Chicken manager Stevenson Williams tells Bloomberg of his teen co-workers. “You have to coach them and tell them this is your job, not the street,” Williams says. “Having ‘soft skills’ such as politeness often comes more easily to the seniors, who have had a lifetime of experience in the workforce to learn how to treat customers compared with young people.”

Employers thus get a more mature worker at no additional cost — but the reasons for seniors outpacing teen hires are many. The US Census Bureau reported this year that, by 2035, there will be more Americans over age 65 than there are children under age 18. Plus, fewer people in their prime (盛年) are working — thanks to the unaffordable child care that forces many parents to stay at home, according to a joint study by Princeton University.

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) forecasts the number of American workers aged 65 to 74 will swell 4.5 percent by 2024, while the 16-to-24s will shrink 1.4 percent. By 2024, the BLS projects the labor force will grow to about 164 million people. That number includes about 41 million people aged 55 and older — about 13 million of those who are expected to be aged 65 and up.

So don’t be surprised to see even more service with a smile and silver hair in that drive-through lane.

1.What does the underlined part “the change” in Paragraph 1 refer to?

A.Americans live longer.

B.The job market gets competitive.

C.Senior centers are becoming more.

D.Fast-food chains hire more senior people.

2.Why are seniors the hot new fast-food employees according to Williams?

A.Teens are easy to quit.

B.They demand less pay.

C.Teens are hard to control and manage.

D.They are good at socializing.

3.Which of the following can be regarded as a “soft skill”?

A.Having high education. B.Knowing customers’ needs.

C.Being skillful at computer. D.Having lots of connections with real-world

4.Why do many parents stay at home according to Paragraph 3?

A.They find it hard to find a job.

B.They prefer to look after children.

C.They find it hard to pay for child care.

D.They are unwilling to work with senior citizens.

 

??? Chef Jeremy Pang and a team of helpers are on a task to help feed London’s homeless and those facing food shortage in London. Pang and about 180 volunteers wore aprons and sharpened their cooking skills to make 4,000 dumplings, 700 noodle stir-fries, and 700 liters of curry in just four hours on a cold morning in Borough Market.

Now in its third year, the aim of the event, which is called Wok for 1,000, is to raise awareness of food waste and food shortage throughout the United Kingdom. Pang, who founded School of Wok in London’s Covent Gardenled a team of experienced chefs in teaching volunteers how to cook the dishes. The hot meals were then packed up and loaded into trucks so they could be distributed to those in need.

The event was part of Pang’s work to support the charity (慈善組織) Plan Zheroes, which aims to help connect food businesses with charities in order to redistribute surplus (過剩的) food and support measures to help prevent food waste. “1,300 meals get distributed to around 10 charities across London who are fighting food shortage,” Pang said. “The idea is that with ‘small steps for big changes’, an event like this can show people that one person can easily cook for 10 people and feed a lot of people in need.”

The food materials used at the event were donated by School of Wok^ suppliers as well as from stallholders (攤主) in Borough Market.

“As soon as we met Plan Zheroes, it was clear to me that it was a charity we wanted to raise money for,” said Pang. “So, not only are we creating thousands of meals but, at the same time, we are raising around 5,000 to 6,000 pounds for a very small charity doing a huge job.’’

1.Why did Jeremy Pang hold the event Wok for 1,000?

A.To improve Pang’s food businesses.

B.To win a good reputation for himself.

C.To show his kindness to homeless people.

D.To raise people’s awareness of food problems.

2.What can we know about the event Wok for 1,000?

A.It has been carried out for three years.

B.It is held in London’s Covent Garden.

C.It directly distributes meals to the homeless.

D.It is part of the charity Plan Zheroes’s activity.

3.Where did the food materials used at the event come from?

A.They were offered by volunteer chefs.

B.They were donated by generous people.

C.They were provided by some charities.

D.They were bought from suppliers.

4.What’s the best title of the text?

A.A Charity Plan Zheroes

B.A Celebrity Chef Jeremy Pang

C.Volunteers Cooked Meals for the Homeless

D.Experienced Chefs Taught Volunteers How to Cook

 

Four Most Beautiful Villages in Italy

San Gimignano

San Gimignano is a small walled medieval (中世紀的) hill town in the province of Siena. It is the most beautiful village in Italy and also one of the most breathtaking places in the world. It’s one of the best preserved towns with 13 towers adding to its charm (魅力). A UNESCO World Heritage Site sitting in the middle of vineyards, sunflowers and trees, this village is truly one of a kind. To preserve its quality of being authentic, no traffic is allowed near its center. You’d better explore it on foot.

Menaggio

Set in the province of Como, right on the western shore of Lake Como, the area is frequently visited for its Menaggio and Cadenabbia Golf Club founded in 1907. This beautiful village still keeps its old charm, with beautiful surroundings that could be enjoyed from one of the many waterfront balconies. One of the best times to visit Menaggio is during the Guitar Festival that takes place every summer.

Montone

Apart from its rich history, the walled medieval village Montone has the advantage of being surrounded by the countryside in Umbria, an area filled with great wheat fields and grapevines that is truly beautiful and peaceful. Montone was a small industrial village during the middle age.

Positano

Positano is a village on the Amalfi Coast in Campania. It has a great beach and a lovely harbor from where you could take a boat to explore the scenic area. The roads leading here are narrow and with single tracks but there are buses that can take you to the town.

1.What’s the best way to get to the center of San Gimignano?

A.On foot. B.By boat. C.By bike. D.By bus.

2.Where is the village with great wheat fields?

A.In Siena. B.In Como. C.In Umbria. D.In Campania.

3.Which village provides great coastal scenery?

A.San Gimignano. B.Menaggio. C.Montone. D.Positano.

 

閱讀下面短文,根據其內容和所給段落開頭語續寫兩段,使之構成一個完整的故事。

Boys like to be considered to be brave,but what kind of things can be considered to be brave? It is not a question that can be answered by words,but by the actual deed.

A boy with the name Henry gave us a good example.Ronny and Henry were two friends in the same class.They always played together and went home together.One day as Ronny and Henry were going home after school,they saw some people fighting in the street corner.Ronny said excitedly,"Some people are fighting!Let's go and have a look!"But Henry refused,"It's none of our business.We'd better go home and don't get close to them.Also our parents are expecting to have dinner with us together at home and I don't want them to worry about me."

You are a coward((懦夫),and afraid to go,"said Ronny,and off he ran to the spot with some other boys.Henry had to go home alone and didn't think about it anymore.

But Ronny thought Henry was a coward and told all the boys that.They laughed at him a great deal.From then on,they looked down upon Henry and didn't want to play with him.

Henry was sad but he wasn't angry with Ronny for his rude behavior,because he had learned that true courage was shown most in bearing misunderstanding when it was not deserved,and that he ought to be afraid of nothing but doing wrong.Thus,he just ignored the other boys' laughter and continued to stick to his thought and go to school and study as well.However,Ronny didn't invite Henry to go home with him anymore.Instead,he had his new friends who also thought Henry was a coward.Every day after school,they didn't go home directly but went to the river or somewhere to play games and had lots of fun.

注意:

1.所續寫的短文詞數應為150左右;

2. 應使用5個以上短文中標有下劃線的關鍵詞語;

3. 續寫部分分為二段,每段的開頭語已經為你寫好;

4. 續寫完成后,請用下劃線標出你所使用的關鍵詞語。

Paragraph 1:

A few days later,something terrible happened to Ronny.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

At that moment,Henry happened to pass by.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

題型:提綱類作文
難度:中等

假定你是李華。下周一至周三因故不能上外教Mr. Smith的英語課,需要向他請假,請你用英文給他寫一封電子郵件,內容包括:

1. 解釋原因;

2. 請求同意;

3. 彌補措施。

注意:

1. 詞數80左右;

2. 可適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

根據所給漢語或首字母寫出空缺處單詞的適當形式,使句子完整,語法正確,每空一詞。

1.These machines are c_________updated by improving the design of the computers all the time.

2.At home, however, there should be little difficulty a________the attention of private and foreign investors(投資者).

3.All photographs are by the author unless o__________stated.

4.Having been b________twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog up.

5.Many veterans(老兵) believe it is their job to bear witness to the horrors of war that they p______ experienced.

6.Whether he is i_________or guilty is a decision that will be made when the case is tried in court.

7.When people spend more and more time far from reality, they will find it hard to draw a d_________between the virtual world and the real one.

8.It is a well-known fact that China has made invaluable_________(貢獻) to world peace, stability and development.

9.They accepted the invitation without a moment's_________(猶豫).

10.All seats__________(占用), he had to stand in the corner, listening to the speech.

11.For the_________(便利) of our classification; any over eighteen years old counts as an adult.

12.We are supposed to make decisions based on facts and___________(分析).

13.The after-sale service network of the company has spread___________(全國地).

14.It is__________(難堪的) to have someone looking over your shoulder while you're at work, as though you could not be trusted.

15.A group____________(構成)of several families visited the amusement park last week.

 

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。

The British have many traditions but there is nothing more quintessential(典型的)than 1.(take)afternoon tea.We know the Brits have a love affair with drinking tea, 2.more than 160 million cups drunk every day,but it was the invention of afternoon tea 3. turned tea-drink into a popular pastime.

This sociable feast involves drinking good quality tea 4.(comfort)while nibbling(小口吃)on nice sandwiches,scones with jam and cream and a selection of small cakes.And,of course, it can only happen in the afternoon!Afternoon tea,which 5.(design)as a light snack to bridge the gap between lunch and dinner,dates back to the 1840s.It went on to become a 6.(fashion) social occasion for the upper classes.

Now there is a resurgence(復蘇)in its 7.(popular)in the UK and it is available to anyone who can afford it. 8. it can be enjoyed at home,the best way to experience it is at a smart hotel or cafe.But if you're thinking of visiting such a place 9.(enjoy)a plate of sweet and savory treats with a steaming hot brew,remember the rules you must follow to avoid 10.(ask)to leave.

Writer Henry James once noted that"there are few hours in life more agreeable than the hour dedicated to the ceremony known as afternoon tea."I'm sure once you have tried it,you will agree.

 

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