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??? If you could have any three things,what would you want?

Eleven-year-old Ruby loves _______that question,but it's not a game she plays for fun.She asks it at nursing homes in the Harrison area.She then sets out to _______the residents'(住戶的) wishes.

Ruby has long been close to older folks.Her mother,Amanda Chitsey works at nursing homes in Arkansas, and Ruby often follows."I've never found them scary at all,so I'm willing to_______ them and ask if they need anything,"she says.

Last May,Ruby noticed a woman named Pearl _______out a window.She seemed sorrowful. What are you looking at?"Ruby asked.Pearl said she was watching her dog being _______ away by his new owner after a visit.Pearl didn't know when she would see her dog again.

Ruby noticed that pets were not permitted at the nursing home.And Pearl couldn't afford to look after her dog,as she got only$40 a month to spend on_______items such as clothes and haircuts.Ruby also learned that many residents had the similar _______so she decided to do something about it.

Ruby started by asking residents what three things they wanted most in the world.At first she was _______ that people would ask for cars and other things that were beyond the ability of an 11-year-old girl. _______,they asked for chocolate bars,McDonald's fries and even just a prayer. Using their own money,the Chitseys granted(準予、允許) the________of about 100 people in three months.Then they started appealing for________.

Many people responded ________ so much that Amanda set up a Go Fund Me page,raising more than$250,000 in five months.With those ________,Ruby was able to help more people.

Ruby doesn't plan to ________ there.One of its new goals is to set up a public laptop in one nursing home in each state."I consider ________to be my hobby,"she says.

1.A.taking on B.bringing up C.think over D.dealing with

2.A.realize B.list C.consider D.predict

3.A.comfort B.approach C.support D.invite

4.A.keeping B.holding C.staring D.pointing

5.A.led B.driven C.put D.thrown

6.A.daily B.proper C.simple D.necessary

7.A.attitude B.complaint C.experience D.confusion

8.A.surprised B.concerned C.determined D.disappointed

9.A.Instead B.Anyhow C.Therefore D.However

10.A.plans B.interests C.wishes D.changes

11.A.donations B.ways C.tasks D.suggestions

12.A.thankfully B.enthusiastically C.differently D.intelligently

13.A.choices B.standards C.funds D.dreams

14.A.stop B.miss C.live D.pass

15.A.communication B.kindness C.generosity D.independence


??? Being organized is an important skill for school and life. When you’re well organized, you can stay focused, instead of spending time hunting things down.

1.For schoolwork, it means having one notebook or place where you store all your assignment, so you know what you have to do and when. Keeping all your school work neat and in a specific place--these are the main parts of organization.

For home stuff, being organized means having a place to put your things and putting them back as you go.2.It means keeping your schoolbag, your shoes, and your clean underwear in the same places so you always know where to find them.

Planning is part of being organized, too. 3.Calendars, lists, and schedules can help you plan. You can buy or draw a calendar and keep it near your workplace. Making a schedule or “to-do” list for yourself is a good idea. Looking at your list helps you keep track of what you need to do.? 4.Check off things when you’ve done them. Use your list to help you decide which thing is the most important to work on first.

5.But once you’re organized, it feels great. The less time you spend hunting around for things or panicking about homework, the more time you have for better things, like reading a good book or playing.

A.Planning means deciding what you will do and when you will do it.

B.First, you should get your schoolwork organized.

C.Add new things as you get assignments.

D.You will benefit a lot from a good habit.

E.What does it mean to be organized?

F.It takes some extra efforts to organize yourself and your stuff.

G.It means hanging your coat up instead of dropping it on the floor or throwing it on a chair.


??? Creativity is the ability to generate novel,useful ideas and innovation is the successful application of those ideas.With this in mind,it is easy to think that technology has made us more creative:the digital revolution(改革)has clearly produced a large number of innovative products and services.

However,it would be naive(幼稚的)to imply that these activities are truly indicative of creativity,even if quantity does eventually lead to quality.For instance,the probability of taking a great photograph does increase when there are millions of Instagram pictures taken every day,and when 500 million tweets are generated(嚴生)daily,it is highly probable that one or two will be funny.

Yet,much of the content people generate is unimportant and unoriginal.Before the Internet it would have stayed in the minds of their authors,but our thoughts can now be broadcasted to the. world as if they were worthy creations.The only thing that appears to have increased,rather greatly,is people's self-perceived(自認為的)creativity.From the use of emoji(表情符號)instead of words,to the use of pre-determined functions to express our views-liking,sharing and disliking,these new forms human interaction promote efficient-but lazy-behaviors so that we can devote more time to consuming more content.

Although user-generated content has been growing rapidly in the past decade,much of it is noise and the result is that valuable and trustworthy information is now harder to find.In an age of information glut(過剩),everything is freely available but knowledge is hard to gain.This paradox highlights the importance of the"less is more"philosophy of life.

Curiosity evolved to make sense of the world and help us master our environments.Our ancestors must have benefited from taking on as much information from their surroundings as they could paying attention to everything and turning into the learning machine.Yet in an age of information glut,the curious mind is forced to ignore as much of the available data as it can,in order to consume only what is valuable.

1.Why are the examples of great pictures and funny tweets mentioned in Paragraph 2?

A.To show quantity will lead to quality.

B.To explain creativity is something impressive.

C.To show technology hasn't made us more creative.

D.To explain innovative products come from creativity.

2.What does the author think of the new forms of human interaction?

A.They are worthy creations.

B.They kill people's creativity actually.

C.They prevent effective communication.

D.They help people consume more useful content.

3.Which of the following explains the underlined part"This paradox"in the last but one paragraph?

A.There' re more resources for knowledge but few people are willing to use them.

B.Too much information has generated material wealth but not spiritual wealth.

C.We live in an age of information explosion but we find it difficult to get knowledge.

D.Many people stick to the"less is more"philosophy with large amounts of information at hand.

4.Which of the following statements about user-generated content does the author most probably agree with?

A.Much of it is original information about the real world:

B.It is the fruit of our ancestors' mastering our environments..

C.It gives the public quick and easy access to the required information.

D.It presents us with the challenge of telling valuable information from worthless content.


??? People who are cheerful and relaxed are less likely to suffer from colds.It's possible that being full of vim and vigor helps the body fight illnesses,say the researchers from Carnegie Mellon University(CMC)in Pittsburgh.

We need to take more seriously the possibility that a positive emotional style is a major player in disease risk,"says psychologist Sheldon Cohen,the study's lead researcher.

In a previous study,Cohen and his colleagues found that people who tended to be cheerful and lively were least likely to develop sniffles,coughs and other cold symptoms.People who showed positive feelings were also less likely to mention symptoms to their doctors,even when medical tests detected those symptoms.

Those findings were interesting,but they didn't prove that a person's attitude affects whether he or she gets sick.Instead,it was still possible that a person's underlying personality is what matters.

Evidence suggests,for instance,that certain people are naturally more likely to be outgoing and optimistic,with high self-esteem and a sense of control over life.This would mean that who we are,not how we feel,ultimately decides our chances of catching colds.

To figure out which mattered more,personality or emotions,the researchers interviewed 193 healthy adults.The researchers talked to each person over the phone every evening for 2 weeks. They told the researchers about the positive and negative feelings they had experienced that day.

The results showed that everyone in the study was equally likely to get infected.Their symptoms,however,differed depending on the types of emotions that they had reported over the previous fortnight.

Among those who reported good moods and had been infected with the flu virus,for example, 28 percent developed coughs and stuffy noses.On the other hand,those symptoms struck 41 percent of people who had been less positive.Scientists argue about whether negative emotions or positive emotions have a stronger effect on how healthy we are.For now,it can't hurt to look on the bright side more often than not!

1.What is the text mainly about?

A.How to get rid of colds.

B.Attitude determines life.

C.Smiles turn away colds.

D.Different opinions about colds.

2.The phrase"full of vim and vigor"underlined in Paragraph 1 probably means"

A.ignorant B.well-informed

C.energetic D.passive

3.According to the finding,a leading factor of catching colds should be one's.

A.health B.personality

C.quality D.mood

4.By saying the last paragraph,the writer intends to suggest

A.the saying-every coin has two sides

B.positive emotions are as good as negative emotions

C.it is not necessarily good for you if you always look at problems positively

D.it will be good for your health to always keep up an optimistic state of mind


??? Teens are now less likely to do part time jobs,drink alcohol or go out without their parents than their counterpart 10 or 20 years ago.This generation of teens is delaying the responsibilities and pleasures of adulthood.Some people think that today's teens are more virtuous(品行端正的) and responsible.Others have suggested that today's teens aren't working because they are simply lazy.

To figure out what's really going on,we should look at these trends with"life history theory" taken into consideration.A"fast life method"was the more common parenting approach in the mid-20th century,when fewer labor-saving devices were available and the average woman had four children.The parents needed to focus on day to day survival.As a result,kids needed to care for themselves sooner.A"slow life method"on the other hand is more common in times and places where families have fewer children and spend more time on each child's growth and development.When the average family has two children,preparing for college can begin as early as primary schools.The two methods are adaptations to a particular cultural background,so each isn't naturally"good"or"bad".

Delaying exposure to alcohol,then,could make young adults less prepared to deal with drinking in college.One study found teens who rapidly increased there binge-drinking(酗酒) were more at risk of alcohol dependence than those who learned to drink over a longer period of time.The same might be true of teens who don't work,drive or go out much in high school. College administrators describe students who can't do anything without calling their parents. Employers worry that more young employees lack the ability to work independently.

However,the"slow-life method"is also likely beneficial as teens are spending more time developing socially and emotionally before they drive,drink alcohol and work for pay.The key is to make sure that teens eventually get the opportunity to develop the skills they will need as adults: independence,along with social and decision making skills.For parents,this might mean pushing their teenagers out of the house more.

1.According to the text,teens in the past were more____.

A.reliable B.outgoing

C.intelligent D.independent

2.What plays a vital role in the trend of teens growing up more slowly?

A.Social standard

B.Cultural changes

C.Educational development.

D.Methods of education

3.What does the author advise parents to do?

A.Spend less time in accompanying their children.

B..Force their children to leave home at an early age.

C.Encourage their children to take part in social activities.

D.Help their children to get to adulthood as soon as possible.

4.Which of the following can be the best tile for the text?

A.How teens develop skills they need in future

B.Teens take no responsibility for what they do

C.Why today's teens aren't in any hurry to grow up

D.Nowadays teens can't make decisions by themselves









Dear Jim,



Li hua







5.如果美國運動員Marion Jones沒有使用興奮劑,那她還有可能參加奧運會嗎?(混合虛擬語氣)


??? When you sleep, do you ever realize that you are dreaming? If yes, then you have had a lucid dream (清醒夢). 1. Only some people are able to have them. Now, scientists have found ways to help more people to have lucid dreams, Live Science reported.

Denholm Aspy from the University of Adelaide in Australia found that certain skills are key to helping people have lucid dreams.

First, people can train themselves to figure out whether they are dreaming or not. For example, someone may look at a clock, look away, and then look back. 2. Then, they might dream about this trick while sleeping. But in their dreams, the time on the clock may change very quickly. So people know they are dreaming.

Another trick is to wake up after five hours of sleep. 3. During this time, repeat the words, “The next time I’m dreaming, I’ll remember that I’m dreaming.” Then, go to bed again to enter rapid eye movement (REM,快速眼球運動) sleep. In REM sleep, people are more likely to be aware of their dreams.

Scientists found that those who used these tricks had a 17 percent success rate at having lucid dreams. 4.

In a lucid dream, people might study a hobby and then become better at it in real life, according to Aspy. For example, you might learn to play the piano in a lucid dream. 5.

A.Then, stay awake for a while.

B.The time should stay the same.

C.This was far higher than if they did nothing.

D.People learn new skills faster in a lucid dream.

E.It is hard for most people to have a lucid dream.

F.Then, your real-life piano skills might improve.

G.Some people will need more time to fall asleep and have a dream.


??? By now, we are all aware that social media has had a tremendous influence on our culture, in business, on the world-at-large. Social media websites revolutionized the way people communicate and socialize on the Web. However, aside from seeing your friends’ new baby on Facebook, or reading about Justin Bieber’s latest conflict with the law on Twitter, what are some of the real influences?

Social networks offer the opportunity for people to re-connect with their old friends and acquaintances, make new friends, share ideas and pictures, and many other activities. Users can keep pace with the latest global and local developments, and participate in campaigns and activities of their choice. Professionals use social media sites like LinkedIn to enhance their career and business development. Students can work together with their peers to improve their academic and communication skills.

Unfortunately, there are a few downsides too to social networking. If you are not careful, immoral people can target you for cyber bullying and disturbance on social sites. School children, young girls, and women can fall victim to online attacks which can create tension and suffering. If you are a victim of cyber bullying, do not take it lying down, but try to take appropriate legal action against the attacker.

Many companies have blocked social networks as addicted employees can distract themselves on such sites, instead of focusing on work. In fact, studies show that British companies have lost billions of dollars per year in productivity because of social media addiction among employees.

Also, what you carelessly post on the Net can come back to trouble you. Revealing(泄露) personal information on social sites can make users vulnerable(易受傷害的)to crimes like identity theft, stalking, etc. Many companies perform a background check on the Web before hiring an employee. If a potential employee has posted something embarrassing on social media, it can greatly affect their chances of getting the job. The same holds true for our relationships too, as our loved ones and friends may get to know if we post something undesirable on social networks.

Social media has its advantages and drawbacks as each coin has two sides. It is up to each user to use social sites wisely to enhance their professional and social life, and exercise caution to ensure they do not fall victim to online dangers.

1.Paragraph 2 mainly shows that social networks _________.

A.help students finish their homework

B.offer professionals good chances

C.benefit users in various ways

D.guide users to make right choices users to make right choices

2.Faced with problems caused by social media, some companies ________.

A.forbid the use of social networks during work time

B.avoid posting embarrassing information

C.refuse to hire potential addicted employees

D.take legal action against the attackers

3.The main purpose of this passage is to _________.

A.share experiences in using social media

B.remind people to wisely use social media

C.provide some advice on social problems

D.raise public awareness of social problems

4.Which of the following shows the development of ideas in this passage?

A. B.

C. D.


Benefits of green spaces

We all know the value of taking a walk in the fresh spring weather. It allows your mind to relax and forget about the problems in everyday life. Studies have commonly shown the benefits of being around green spaces, including gardens, urban parks and forests.

But did you know that being in contact with these natural surroundings during childhood could positively impact your mental health as an adult?

A study by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) surveyed 3,600 people from all over Europe, including Spain, the Netherlands, Lithuania and the UK.

The all-adult study gave participants a questionnaire on how frequently they used natural spaces during childhood — for example, playing in a garden, riding a bike at the park or hiking in a forest. They were also asked about the importance they put on using such places.

Volunteers were then given a psychological test, which included a variety of questionnaires and problem-solving activities, to analyze their nervousness and feelings of depression (抑郁) within a four-week period.

The results consistently showed that the people who were more exposed to natural spaces had higher mental health scores compared to those with lower childhood exposure — as did those who attached higher importance to using green spaces.

The study’s coordinator (協調員), Wilma Zijlema, wrote that the results “show the importance of childhood exposure to natural spaces for the development of a nature-appreciating attitude and a healthy psychological state in adulthood”. She also stressed the importance of “recognizing the implications (含義) of growing up in environments with limited opportunities for exposure to nature”.

According to the study, 73 percent of Europe’s population only has limited access to natural spaces. Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, director of ISGlobal’s Urban Planning, said that “Many children in Europe lead an indoor lifestyle … so we call on policymakers to improve the availability (可得性) of natural spaces for children.”

While this study was based in Europe, a lack of green space can affect anyone, anywhere. So remember to make time to immerse yourself in nature, as your mental health is just as important as the physical one.

1.What was the purpose of the ISGlobal’s walking study?

A.To examine the advantages of taking a walk.

B.To understand the mental health problems of children.

C.To see how childhood experiences shape adult life.

D.To study the influence of childhood exposure to natural spaces.

2.What do we know about the study?

A.The participants included both children and adults.

B.The participants were from all over the world.

C.It focused on the participants’ physical health state.

D.It consisted of a questionnaire and a psychological test.

3.What do Paragraphs 7-8 mainly talk about?

A.The value of the study. B.The results of the study.

C.The method of the study. D.The process of the study.

4.What does the underlined word “immerse” in the last paragraph probably mean?

A.Protect against something. B.Understand something.

C.Lose oneself in something. D.Imagine doing something.


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