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Do you like shopping? For shopaholics in...

??? Do you like shopping? For shopaholics in the UK, the place to head to used to be the “high street”. It was the place where you could find familiar fashion brands and essential everyday items in the centre of a town. But change in our shopping habits has taken its toll on the British high street.

News about shops losing money and shutting is now common. Some city-centre department stores have closed and even long-established retailers (零售商) have reported profit slumps. According to a recent survey, a record 2,481 shops disappeared from UK high streets last year — up by 40 percent.

As the BBC’s Emma Simpson writes, things have become a lot harder for traditional retailers in recent years. They have faced rising costs from wages, business rates and the requirement to introduce Europe’s new data law. But the biggest threat has come from online shopping. She says “Consumers now spend one in every five pounds online — and if businesses are seeing 20 percent fewer sales on the shop floor, as well as their fixed costs rising, then profit margins will be squeezed.”

While some of us like to window shop — browsing for things to buy, only to purchase them online at a discount — the fact is that, overall, shoppers are making fewer visits to high streets. Eventually, town centres could become like ghost towns. If people aren’t out and about shopping, they won't use other services, like cafes, restaurants and cinemas, which leads to job losses. The high street has also suffered from the arrival of big shopping malls, which offer a retail experience under one roof, with free parking, away from the bad weather!

Meanwhile, back on the high street, some shops still exist. Analysts have said it's those that have moved away from traditional retailing that are surviving. These include beauty salons, nail bars and independent coffee shops — but are these kinds of shops enough to keep the British high street open for business?

1.What do we know about “high street” according to the passage?

A.It sold only fashionable daily items.

B.It has changed people’s shopping habits.

C.It was a big shopping mall in downtown Britain.

D.It was the destination for people who love shopping in the UK.

2.Which is closest in meaning to the underlined word “slumps”?

A.Sharp fall. B.Steady rise.

C.Slow increase. D.Slight loss.

3.What’s the hardest part for traditional shop owners to run their shops?

A.The rising costs from wages.

B.The boom of window shopping.

C.The popularity of shopping online,

D.The introduction of Europe’s new data law.

4.What change is taking place in the British high street at present?

A.Discounts are offered to attract more consumers.

B.Parking is free of charge in time of bad weather.

C.Better service is provided to satisfy the customers.

D.Some conventional retailer turn to other businesses.

 

1.D 2.A 3.C 4.D 【解析】 這是一篇議論文。文章以英國商業街high street的沒落為切入點,指出網購的流行給傳統零售模式帶來的巨大打擊。不僅如此,因為人們出門的幾率變小,網購還會讓其它行業遭受損失,最終導致大量失業。 1. 細節理解題。根據第一段的For shopaholics in the UK, the place to head ...
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??? Have you ever dreamed of meeting top scientists in person? If so, what would you want to ask them?

For Tan Fanglin, a 15-year-old girl from No. 2 High School of East China Normal University in Shanghai, her dream of meeting top scientists has already come true. In October 2019, she attended the World Laureates Forum for a second time, which had attracted 44 Nobel Prize Winners and 21 other world-class award winners. Tan was by far the youngest participant among the scientists invited to be at the meeting of the world’s sharpest minds.

Her discovery about the relationship between the Fibonacci sequence (斐波那契數列) and Bézout numbers (貝祖數) has won her many prizes in youth innovation competitions both in Shanghai and elsewhere in China. Her finding has been praised by the famous Canadian mathematician, Professor Rankin, who has been studying the same theme for five years but with no conclusions.

From a very young age, Tan has always been fascinated by mathematics. This is largely because her father, who teaches mathematics in East China Normal University, has a profound impact on her. According to Xu Jun, the head teacher, Tan doesn’t take after-school classes or too many extra exercises either. Her mastering of Advanced Mathematics and her good grades in school are thanks to the right study method. Her mother told Guangming Daily that Tan always treats studying and life with a positive state of mind so she can feel happy while studying.

Attending this forum enabled Tan to get more inspiration from top scientists. She even got the opportunity to talk with Gero Miesenbock, the 2019 Warren Alpert Foundation Prize winner. She asked Professor Miesenbock what he considered were the best personal qualities for conducting scientific research. Miesenbock encouraged her not to lose her passion and love for what she does. He said that accepting failures is crucial for researchers. He stressed that people all knew that even Thomas Edison went through hundreds of unsuccessful attempts before finally inventing the light bulb. The words made Tan feel inspired and she promised to keep her curiosity and interests in mathematics and overcome any obstacles in her research.

1.What can we learn about Tan Fanglin according to paragraph 2?

A.She is a student from East China Normal University.

B.She frequently participates in the World laureates Forum.

C.She achieved her goal of meeting world-class award winners.

D.She was the youngest and sharpest mind among the invited scientists.

2.What made Tan so interested in the study of mathematics?

A.Her father's influence. B.Her right study method.

C.Her positive attitude. D.Her head teacher’s encouragement.

3.According to Miesenbock, the most important quality for science researchers is ???? .

A.learning from the past failures B.being curious and interested

C.being passionate about science D.getting inspiration from scientists

4.What might be the best title for the passage?

A.The Key to Be a Top Scientist

B.A Student Inspired by Top Minds

C.A Dream to Be a Mathematician

D.An Outstanding Girl Tan Fanglin

 

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??? Since you are applying for a visa for a short-term study in the USA, here are a few steps you should take to ensure you can do it smoothly.

You can apply for it if you

●do a short course of study in the USA, such as an English language course or a training course.

●do a short period of research as part of a degree course in the USA.

You must prove that you

●have been offered a place on a course in the USA at an accepted place of study.

●have enough money to support yourself without working or help from public funds.

●can pay for your return or onward journey.

●have permission from your parents or guardian to study in the USA if you are under 18.

You must provide

●proof of the course you're studying, for example, a letter of acceptance from the educational institution — an official headed paper; stating the course's name, duration and cost (including accommodation).

●a current passport or other valid travel identification.

●evidence that you can support yourself during your trip, for example, bank statements or payslips for the last 6 months.

●details of where you intend to stay and your travel plans.

●contact details for at least one parent or guardian in your home country if you’re under 18 years old.

You must

●apply online for a short-term study visa.

●have your fingerprints and photograph taken at a visa application centre as part of your application.

●pay £97 for a 6-month visa or £186 for an 11-month visa.

You may

●be allowed to stay an extra 30 days if your total stay in the USA is no more than 6 months.

1.Who is the passage intended for?

A.A graduate to pick up a full time job in the USA.

B.A university professor to teach Chinese in the USA.

C.A high school student to have a short-term travel in the USA.

D.A scholar to conduct a short degree-related research in the USA.

2.What is needed to apply for this kind of visa?

A.Your previous passport.

B.Details of your study plans.

C.A proof of your parents’ support.

D.An official document of your target course.

3.Which is true according to the passage?

A.It is free for a one-year study visa.

B.You need to apply through the Internet.

C.You can extend one-month stay as you please.

D.Your photo must be taken and submitted online.

 

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假設你是李華。你的英國筆友杰克剛剛升入高中,但他一時無法適應新的校園生活,寫信向你征求建議。請你就此問題給他回一封信,內容主要把包括:

1.不必過分焦慮;

2.制定合理的學習計劃;

3.多參加集體活動,結交新朋友;

參考詞匯:適應 adjust to

注意:1.詞數100左右;

2.可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫;

3.開頭和結尾已給出,不計入總詞數。

Dare Jack,

I am sorry to hear that you’re having trouble adjusting to your high school life._____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

 

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假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。

增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。

刪除:把多余的詞用斜線(\)劃掉。

修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。

注意:1. 每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;

2. 只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。

I liked sleeping lately at the weekend. My parents was often angry with me, but I didn’t take it serious. Last Saturday, a friend of me phoned me and we planned meet at the park at 8 o’clock the next morning. Watch my favorite movie until midnight, I went to bed even late than usual. I was so tired to hear the alarm and got up very late on the Saturday morning. When I got here my friends had already left. I felt so sorry for that.

 

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閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。

Last week I 1. (take) on a difficult task of showing kindness. The idea came from a few posts on a website. I decided 2. (reach) out to a few people I hadn’t talked to for the past few years.

One was a cousin, 3. I had lost touch with for 25 years. She was very happy when we got 4. touch. The other two were friends I hadn’t talked to in nearly 10 years. It was really good to talk to 5. (they) both.

With one of them, I reached out at a great time for him. He had forgotten my name 6. (entire) but remembered I disliked 7. (run) when young because I had asthma(哮喘). He was grateful that I called him and said some very kind 8. (thing) to me about our past. I am glad our friendship mattered to him.

I think 9. is good to be the one to take the initiative(主動性)to be kind and reach out. Even if it seems difficult at the time, in the end it offers 10. (wonder) rewards!

 

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